IUI – Also referred to as artificial insemination, we use the female partner’s eggs and fertilise them with sperm from a known or anonymous donor.
IVF – We use donor sperm to fertilise the female partner’s eggs (or donor eggs). You could also opt to have eggs from both partners. Or use donor sperm and eggs from both partners and implant the embryo(s) into both partners.
Donor eggs – We use donor eggs to fertilise by donor sperm and then implant the resulting embryo into the female partner’s uterus (the one that will carry the pregnancy).
Surrogate – We use donor sperm and donor eggs to produce viable embryos via IVF that are then implanted into one of the female partner’s uterus.
The treatment process is quite simple. The couple decides who will become the pregnancy carrier and will then undergo blood work to test her hormone levels. She will also be required to have more fertility work-ups that include an HSG (hysterosalpingography) to determine the health of her fallopian tubes and uterus. If all checks out well, the couple will be asked to choose a sperm donor, so they can have their eggs fertilised. Then, the mature embryos are placed in the pregnancy carrier’s uterus to achieve the pregnancy. In the case of IVF, a more complex treatment protocol is needed and involves medications.